NCN tracks two categories: 1) mergers & acquisitions (M&As) or changes in ownership or control, and 2) investment or equity financing (excluding debt or non-cash strategic partnerships) from around the world. The NCN Transaction Database recorded a total of 436 transactions in the Nutrition and Health & Wellness Industry in January-June 2017 compared to 715 in the whole of 2016 and 627 in 2015. Thus 2017 has the potential to improve dramatically on the record highs of the two prior years. NCN began tracking the industry in 2014.
NCN underscored the importance of several key transaction that took place in the first half of 2017:
- Amazon agreed to buy Whole Foods Market for $13.4 billion.
- L1 Retail agreed to purchase the Holland & Barrett health store chain from The Nature’s Bounty Co and The Carlyle Group for £1.77 billion.
- Danone of France completed the acquisition of WhiteWave Foods, the owner of Silk soymilk and Horizon Organic dairy brands, for $10.4 billion.
- Lonza completed the acquisition of Capsugel for $5.5 billion.
- Maple Leaf Foods acquired Lightlife Foods for $140 million.
- Glanbia invested €181 million to acquire Amazing Grass, positioning Glanbia in the plant-based nutrition market, and Body & Fit, a direct-to-consumer business focused on performance nutrition.
- Nutraceutical International (Solaray, KAL, Natural Balance, Health from the Sun, Monarch Nutraceuticals, etc.) was taken private by HGGC in $446 million deal.
Key Segment Trends: Agtech and Food & Beverages Make Up for Drop in Foodtech
Nutrition Capital Network reported sustained momentum in natural, organic and functional food and beverages, which saw M&As increase by 26% and financings by 25% in the first six months of 2017, setting the segment on course to top 2016’s record pace. Other segments of note showing a demonstrable increase in M&A transactions included retail & distribution, ingredients, and supplements, all three of which are also on track for record years.
“That the pace of transactions in natural and organic foods in 2007 continues to exceed previous years’ records is indicative of the strength of this category and the fact that the emerging battleground in the global food business is healthy foods,” noted Grant Ferrier, chief executive officer of NCN.
Technology & Foodtech has been the growth engine for financings over the past few years, but this trend finally slowed in the first half of 2007, according to the NCN Transaction Database. Within the Technology segment, delivery service and apps held their own in terms of transactions closed so far in 2017, but there were notable fall-offs in ecommerce and software, in addition to analytical, diagnostic and monitoring devices. Altogether, the number of financing transactions in Technology & Foodtech looks set for a 13% decline in 2017 based on first-half data.
Nutrition Biotech & Agtech appears to be the new growth engine, driving high numbers of financing transactions in 2016 and pacing 24% growth for 2017 (on track for a 3x gain over 2016).
Corporate Venture Arms Find Investment Groove in First Half
Multinational food companies are participating in the nutrition and health & wellness industry not only as acquirers but increasingly as early-stage investors and incubators. Venture arms of large food companies hit their stride in January-June 2017: Kellogg’s venture arm eighteen94 capital recently chose Bright Greens, a maker of frozen vegetable and fruit smoothie products, as its second investment, following an investment in January 2017 in superfood company Kuli Kuli, which makes snacks based on moringa leaf.
Unilever Ventures made three investments in the first half of 2017, leading a $9 million round for organic meal kit start up Sun Basket, in addition to investing in nutraceutical hair loss supplement brand Nutrafol and True Botanicals in personal care. General Mills’ venture arm 301 INC added to its portfolio with two acquisitions in March: D's Naturals plant-based snack bars and Farmhouse Culture, which makes probiotic food and beverages.
The Hain Celestial Group purchased The Better Bean Company, the first strategic acquisition by its venture arm Cultivate Ventures.
In the ingredients segment, DSM Venturing led an investment in NutriLeads (proprietary ingredient for immune function); and chickpea protein company Nutriati Inc. received an $8 million financing led by Tate & Lyle Ventures and Powerplant Ventures.
New strategic VC funds were also launched in food and agritech in the first half: Pepsico Europe launched the Pepsico Nutrition Greenhouse incubator for emerging nutrition brands in the food & beverage sector. Rabobank launched a VC fund for innovative food & agriculture. Mexican baking company Grupo Bimbo launched Bimbo Ventures, in addition to a food incubator; IKEA in Sweden also announced a food incubator project. In dairy, Land O'Lakes launched an accelerator program to spur dairy innovation.
Meal Kits & Tech-Enabled Food Convenience in the Headlines
Unilever was not the only actor in meal kits when it led a $9 million investment in Sun Basket in May. Together with the $15 million investment led by Sapphire Ventures earlier in the year, Sun Basket raised its Series C total to $24.2 million. Nestlé led a $77 million investment in Freshly, a purveyor of direct-to-consumer healthy prepared meals. Campbell Soup Company announced a strategic partnership and $10 million investment in Chef’d personalized meals, in addition to making an innovation play in Habit, which customizes meals according to biomarkers and genetic predisposition. However, the Amazon-Whole Foods deal added further complexity to the meal delivery business and likely contributed to a reduction in share price and proceeds raised by Blue Apron’s June 2017 IPO.
Notable financings in food delivery in 2017 so far include investment of more than $400 million in Delivery Hero (to a total of $1.8 million before going public in June 2017), Instacart (to a total of almost $800 million), 15 transactions in which at least $10 million was invested, and more than 20 others. The biggest global play is ele.me, a Chinese website offering customer-to-customer meal ordering services, which raised $1 billion in June 2017 to total $3.34 billion invested in eight rounds by pedigreed investors such as Silicon Valley’s Sequoia Capital and Chinese investors Tencent, CITIC and more recently Alibaba.
Other Themes in the First Six Months of June 2017
Innovation In Science - Microbiome
Seventure Partners, an NCN Cornerstone Investor, announced two new investments in the microbiome sector in June and early July 2017:
- DayTwo, a sequencer of the gut microbiome to create personalized nutrition solutions; and
- Anaeropharma Science, a company developing genetically enhanced bacteria to destroy cancer tumors.
“With a market predicted to be worth over half a billion US dollars by 2022, investing in microbiome-based companies is now rapidly becoming mainstream, with an exponential growth of innovative companies being founded to develop products based on new biological insights,” observed Isabelle de Crémoux, Seventure’s CEO and managing partner.
Probiotics & Enzymes
- RoundTable Healthcare Partners invested in Deerland Enzymes & Probiotics.
- General Mills’ 301 INC venture arm led a $6.5 million Series D in probiotic food brand Farmhouse Culture.
- i-Health Inc., a subsidiary of Royal DSM, agreed to purchase the UP4 Probiotic consumer brand from UAS Laboratories.
- DuPont Nutrition & Health announced a $60 million investment in European production to meet demand for frozen and freeze-dried starter cultures from the global yogurt, fresh fermented, and cheese markets.
Petfood & Pet Care (Selected Transactions)
- JustFoodForDogs, a retailer of small batch, home-cooked pet food, received a significant growth investment from NCN Cornerstone Investor LCatterton.
- The Farmer's Dog, a direct-to-consumer fresh petfood company, closed an $8.1 million Series A financing led by Shasta Ventures.
- Spectrum Brands Holdings acquired PetMatrix, a manufacturer and marketer of rawhide-free dog chews.
- PetLife Pharmaceuticals acquired Healthy Life Pets (Dr. Geoff’s Real Food for Pets).
- Whitebridge Pet Brands acquired Arthur Dogswell LLC.
Nutrition Capital Network produces annual lists of top transactions in the Nutrition and Health & Wellness Industry, in addition to a summary of investment and M&A activity by segment, derived from the NCN Transaction Database. NCN has maintained a database on transactions since 2004, and has been compiling nutrition industry market data and top company lists data since 1996. The NCN Transaction Database tracks transactions in seven industry categories: Branded Food & Beverage (natural/organic/functional), Supplements, Ingredients, Contract Manufacturing, OTC & Personal Care, Retail & Distribution, and Technology (delivery, apps, e-commerce, etc.).