About 16% of children and adolescents' total caloric intake come from added sugars, according to data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHNES), 2005–2008. Fifty-nine percent of added sugar calories came from foods compared with 41% that came from beverages.
The consumption of added sugars, which are sweeteners added to processed and prepared foods, has been associated with measures of cardiovascular disease risk among adolescents, including adverse cholesterol concentrations. Although the percent of daily calories derived from added sugars declined between 1999–2000 and 2007–2008, consumption of added sugars remains high in the diets of Americans.
The 2010 Dietary Guidelines recommend limiting total intake of discretionary calories, which include added sugars and solid fats, to 5–15% of daily caloric intake, yet many Americans continue to exceed these recommendations. This data brief presented results for added sugar consumption among U.S. children and adolescents for 2005–2008.
According to NHNES data, more of the added sugar calories were consumed at home rather than away from home for both beverages and foods, contrary to a previous report. These results are consistent with results for total caloric intakes. That is, 65% of the total calories that children and adolescents consumed were consumed at home.
Slightly more than one-half of the added sugar calories from beverages were consumed at home (54%), while nearly two-thirds of the added sugars consumed from foods were consumed at home (66%)
Boys consumed more added sugars than girls and preschool-aged children consumed the fewest calories from added sugars. Although girls consumed a smaller absolute amount of calories from added sugars than boys, their intakes were not that different from boys when the amounts are expressed as a percentage of total caloric intakes.