The clinical study, conducted by KGK Synergize and funded by Ingredion, evaluated the blood glucose and insulin response of 28 healthy subjects after consuming a cookie made with VERSAFIBE 1490 dietary fiber and refined wheat flour (24.1 g total dietary fiber) compared to a control cookie made with maltodextrin and refined wheat flour (0.5 g total dietary fiber). In this randomized, double-blind, controlled trial, participants’ short-term blood glucose and insulin responses were measured for two hours after consuming the cookies. The cookies were matched for total weight, total carbohydrate, sugars, protein and fat. The VERSAFIBE 1490 dietary fiber cookie reduced blood glucose response by 48% and reduced serum insulin values by 46% versus the control cookie.
“This study demonstrates that incorporating VERSAFIBE 1490 dietary fiber into a practical baked good (cookie) may reduce blood glucose and insulin values after a meal in healthy adults,” noted Maria Stewart, Ingredion’s clinical research lead, global nutrition R&D. “Reduced blood sugar and blood insulin values after a meal are indicators of better blood sugar management. Healthy individuals, as well as individuals with compromised carbohydrate metabolism (e.g. pre-diabetics, Type-2 diabetics), benefit from improved blood sugar management by reducing the peaks and valleys of the blood glucose response” she added.
The open access article, written by Stewart and J. Paul Zimmer, director, global Nutrition R&D of Ingredion Incorporated was published in Nutrients 9, no. 3: 237, “A High Fiber Cookie Made with Resistant Starch Type 4 Reduces Post-Prandial Glucose and Insulin Responses in Healthy Adults.”
VERSAFIBE dietary fiber is part of a new line of low cost-in-use dietary fibers for manufacturers wanting to easily add fiber to foods. VERSAFIBE 1490 dietary fiber improves texture in crackers, cereals, pastas and snacks with white-flour-like performance. It is a grain-free, potato-based dietary fiber with a minimum total dietary fiber of 85% on a dry solids basis as measured by AOAC 991.43 or 2009.01. This process stable, insoluble resistant starch gives manufacturers the ability to stand out in the marketplace with claims like “good source of fiber” or “excellent source of fiber” as well as “gluten-free.” Due to the product’s low water holding capacity, the modified food starch has little to no impact on product processing, the company said.