Nearly half (48%) of U.S. consumers say they would definitely or probably change their consumption habits to reduce their impact on the environment. And these consumers are putting their dollars where their values are, spending $128.5 billion on sustainable fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) products this year. Since 2014, these influential shoppers have grown sustainable product sales by nearly 20%, with a compound average growth rate (CAGR) that’s four times larger than conventional products (3.5% vs -1.0% comparatively). By 2021, Nielsen predicted these sustainably minded shoppers to spend up to $150 billion on sustainable FMCG goods, an increase of $14-22 billion.
Today, sales of products with sustainable attributes make up 22% of the total store, with organic, sustainable, and clean attributes driving the majority of the sustainable category’s growth. Notably, sustainability’s share between 2014 and 2017 grew nearly three percentage points, while conventional products’ share of sales dropped by almost four. By 2021, sustainable goods will make up 25% of store sales, according to Nielsen.
Who’s Driving Sustainability Sales?
In the U.S., there is a large gap between generations when it comes to sustainable purchase intent. When surveyed, millennials are twice as likely (75% vs. 34%) than baby boomers to say they are definitely or probably changing their habits to reduce their impact on the environment. They’re also more willing to pay more for products that contain environmentally friendly or sustainable ingredients (90% vs. 61%), organic/natural ingredients (86% vs. 59%), or products that have social responsibility claims (80% vs. 48%).
Millennials are the Future of Sustainability in the U.S.
Millennials, however, are also more likely than baby boomers (53% vs. 34%) to say they’d be willing to forgo a brand in order to buy products that are environmentally friendly. They also find it much easier to find environmentally friendly products in the stores where they shop (74% vs. 46%).
“The generational divide in sustainability is fueled by technology. We’ve found that sustainable shoppers in the U.S. are 67% more likely to be digitally engaged, which means they are used to having the products and knowledge they want right at their fingertips. With their devices playing a significant role in their purchase decisions, a simple and frictionless shopping experience between on and offline is critical,” said Sarah Schmansky, vice president, Fresh/H&W Growth & Strategy, Nielsen.
Age isn’t the only factor to consider when looking for sustainable consumers. According to Nielsen and Natural Marketing Institute’s (NMI) segmentation, 60% of Americans fall into the “Sustainable Mainstream” category. They want to be more sustainable, but they are also searching for some added benefits, such as improving health or cost and environmental savings.
Was 2018 the Year of the Influential Sustainable Consumer?
Yes, and it’s soon to be the decade of the sustainable shopper. In a limited store growth environment, U.S. consumers continue to choose sustainable products over conventional options, making sustainability a consistent growth opportunity for manufacturers.
Companies need to evaluate their product portfolios and then understand the impact of ingredients and the level of scrutiny that consumers apply to the products they purchase. Consumer sentiment is shifting toward “healthy for me and healthy for the world,” and this is influencing sales of FMCG products across multiple categories. Technology will enable consumers to match the right ingredients to their needs or ailments. Companies will need to clearly communicate and have the data to prove how their sustainable factors help consumers.