The study of 54 healthy adults revealed that glutathione (GSH) levels of those taking 1000mg of Setria Glutathione a day for six months increased 30%-35% in many compartments including red blood cells, lymphocytes and plasma, and of those taking 250mg of Setria Glutathione increased in whole blood. And as glutathione stores increased in the high-dose group, so did the function of natural killer (NK) cells, a marker for increased immune defense, said John P. Richie, Jr., Ph.D., professor of Public Health Sciences and Pharmacology at Penn State College of Medicine.
“A battery of immune function markers was examined after three months of glutathione supplementation and NK cytotoxicity was enhanced more than two-fold for participants taking 1000mg daily doses,” Dr. Richie said. “We believe GSH supplementation may represent an effective intervention strategy for disease prevention and may enhance immune function.”
There is a school of thought that contends that glutathione is broken down in the stomach and intestine and effective increases of GSH must come via intravenous administration. However, previous animal studies showed that orally administered glutathione is bioavailable and will enhance tissue GSH levels, Dr. Richie said.
“Our research showed that in most cases increases were dose and time dependent, and levels returned to baseline after a one-month washout,” he said. “By taking daily GSH supplements, we believe efficacious levels will persist, and that oral intake is an effective means of chronically enhancing the body’s stores.”
Dr. Richie presented the study findings — “Enhanced Glutathione Levels in Blood and Buccal Cells by Oral Glutathione Supplementation” — at the Experimental Biology 2013 conference in Boston on April 22. The study was a joint effort of the Pennsylvania Department of Public Health Sciences, the Penn State Hershey Cancer Institute, and the Penn State College of Medicine.
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